C vs C++: Which is Better in 2023?

C vs C++: Which is Better in 2023?

C and C++ are two popular programming languages that have been widely used for decades. Both languages are used for building various software applications, including operating systems, web browsers, and other types of software.

While C and C++ have many similarities, they also have some essential differences that make them suitable for different projects.

In this blog, we'll look at the similarities and differences between C and C++ regarding job demands, application, difficulty, etc.

Similarities Between C and C++

As you know, C and C++ are high-level programming languages. So, we can read and write code that's similar to English.

They both provide a wide range of features that make it easy to build complex software applications.

One of the most prominent similarities between C and C++ is that they support procedural programming paradigm, i.e.,  they are both designed to execute instructions to achieve a particular result.

Both languages also support using variables, functions, and other introductory programming constructs.


C and C++ are used in many applications, including operating systems, web browsers, desktop applications, and different types of software.

Both are suited for building low-level systems software, such as drivers and kernels, due to their ability to interface directly with hardware and other low-level system components.

C++ is also often used for building large-scale applications, such as video games and software, that require a lot of processing power.

When to Use C?

C is a good choice for building low-level systems software and other applications requiring a high degree of control over hardware components.

We can use C for projects that need to be highly portable, as it is supported on a wide range of platforms and is easy to port to new environments.

C is a perfect choice if you are a programmer looking to build an operating system, compilers, databases, and embedded systems.

When to Use C++?

C++ is a good choice for building large-scale applications that require a lot of processing power or need to handle a large amount of data.

We can use C++ for projects that need to be highly efficient or optimized for performance.

Job Demands: C vs. C++

In terms of job demands and popularity, both C and C++ have many job openings.

C++ is a prevalent choice for many companies. According to the TIOBE Index, C++ is currently the world's third most popular programming language. The same index ranks C at the fourth position.

We also need to consider the kind of role that C and C++ have. As a C or a C++ developer, you can work as a:

  • Systems Engineer
  • Software Developer
  • Video Game Programmer
  • Database Administrator
  • Hardware Programmer, etc.

Let's see the job openings and salary data for the two languages from Indeed:

Programming Language

Job Openings








As you can see from the table above, C has four times the job opening as C++, but C++ developers make slightly more than C developers.

Difficulty: Syntax Difference

C and C++  are similar when it comes to syntax, but there are a few key differences we have to take into account.

Here's an example of a "Hello, World" program in C and C++ to show this difference:


#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
printf("Hello, World!\n");
return 0;
"Hello, World" Program in C


#include <iostream>
int main() {
std::cout << "Hello, World!" << std::endl;
return 0;
"Hello, World!" Program in C++

In addition to syntax, C++ has a slightly lengthy learning curve. It introduces new features not found in C, such as object-oriented programming, templates, and exception handling.

These features can make C++ a bit more complex to learn, especially for those new to programming. However, with some practice and experience, it is possible to become proficient in both languages.

Performance: C vs. C++

Despite being high-level languages, both C and C++ are designed to be efficient. Compared, we can find C++ to be a bit more efficient because of the language's features that allow for better code optimization.

Another reason why C++ is faster than C is that it lets you better control a program's execution. For instance, C++ programmers can use low-level features like inline functions and manual memory management to improve performance.

C++ also allows the use of templates, which eases the development process.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Let us now see the advantages C and C++ have over each other. Using this comparison, you can decide which language is the best for you.

Advantages of learning C++ over C

  • The most obvious advantage of learning C++ is its support for object-oriented programming (OOP), which organizes code into "objects" that represent real-world entities and their behaviors.
  • C++ supports templates to enable generic programming, allowing programmers to write code that can work with various data types - a feature that can lead to more reusable and flexible code.
  • C++ also supports exception handling, a mechanism for handling errors that occur when you execute a program. Exception handling can make it easier to write robust code handling unexpected errors and conditions. C, on the other hand, doesn't support exception handling.
  • C++ is generally faster than C as it has low-level code optimization techniques we can use to generate specialized, high-performance code.
  • After learning C++, you can get into video game development, simulation, and other use cases that require significant processing power.

Advantages of learning C over C++

  • Compared to C++, C is relatively simpler to learn and understand, which makes it a good option for beginners.
  • C is a procedural language, meaning the code is executed in a specific order, making it easy to understand and write.
  • C has a more extensive user base than C++ since  C has been around for longer and is used in various applications. More resources are available for learning and using C, and it is easier to find help and support if needed.
  • C is a  highly portable language, which means you can write code that can be run on various platforms and devices.

Comparison Table



C is a procedural programming language, which means C programs are executed sequentially. 

C++  supports procedural programming, but it is also an object-oriented language, which means you can split your code into classes and objects. 

In terms of complexity, the syntax of C is comparatively simpler. 

C++ has a complex syntax to get used to. 

C is a portable language, i.e., programs written in C run on multiple platforms. 

C++'s portability is less widespread than C's. 

C-programming has a large user base and a profound history in computer science. 

C++ has a comparatively small user base, and it is used in niche areas like video game development. 

C has a steep learning curve for beginners and experienced programmers. 

C++ can have a moderate to steep learning curve, depending on what you use it for. 

Structures, Pointers, and Functions are essential functions of C.

In addition to pointers and functions, C++ has classes, templates, exception handling, and other bonus features. 

C is used for creating operating systems, compilers, database software, etc., 

C++ is used to create video game engines, application software, and design databases. 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is C++ better than C?

There is no way to say which language is better, as C and C++ have their strengths and weaknesses. Your project needs will determine the best language for you.

C++ is an object-oriented language, which makes it more powerful and flexible than C. But it is also more complex to learn and use.

2. Is C more difficult than C++?

C++ is generally considered a more complex language than C, especially for people new to programming.

But sometimes, C++ can get less complicated as it provides objects and classes to solve programming problems.

3. What is the difference between C and C++?

The main difference between C and C++ is C's procedural nature, which means that C is based on a series of actions executed in a specific order. In contrast, C++ is based on the concept of objects and their interactions (object-oriented).

C++ has several additional features, such as classes, templates, and exception handling, that are not available in C.

4. Should I learn C or C++ first?

You need to be clear about certain things before you make your decision. For instance, the language you want to know should align with your goals.

It is also essential to self-reflect on your current programming skills. C is a better choice than C++ if you want to learn the basics of programming.

But if you are already familiar with variables and can write a function, C++ might be the perfect language to expand your programming skills.